About the Author
Mr. Chhayank Nagpal
IInd Year Law Student,
Amity Law School, Delhi
In contemporary society, the climate change is one of the most important issues that affect daily life of human beings. Climate change can be attributed to natural and anthropogenic factors. The major international effort for the protection of global environment began in 1972, when the international community assembled to discuss and find solutions to the degrading environment. The Stockholm conference of 1972 laid emphasis on efforts to tackle the problem of environment and its improvement by international cooperation and agreement. It was by Nairobi Declaration of 1982, where the international community expressed serious concern at the state of global environment at that time and recognizing the urgent necessity of intensifying the efforts at the global, regional and national levels to protect and improve environment. It was Vienna Convention of 1985 where a convention was adopted for the protection of ozone layer. The convention provided a foundation for global multilateral undertakings to protect the environment and public health from the potential adverse effects of depletion of Stratospheric Ozone, followed by Montreal Protocol of 1987, United Nations Conference on Environment and Development of 1992 that stressed on the rising need to adopt and implement the policy of sustainable development by both developed and developing countries. “Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” Agenda 21 of the afore mentioned conference provides a comprehensive charter of action plan for the 21st century to resolve the present and future problems of environment and development. The document looks at the possible solutions of global environmental problems with a view to ensuring sustainable development. All these conventions together with other national and international efforts establishes a link between the human life and nature, which today is getting deteriorated with every other human activity. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) of 1992 which has been signed by 195 countries of the world requires the states to prevent the global climate change, by taking appropriate steps to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases believed to contribute to global warming.
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